The Bonda, also spelt as Bondo, is one of the very primitive tribal communities living in the uphills of Konda Kamberu range of the Eastern Ghats in South Western Orissa. They are short stature people with austroloid features, and speak a dialect ("remo-sam", where 'remo' means man) of southern Mundari group of Austro-Asiatic language. As these people were living on the hills, they came to be known as Bonda Highlanders in the British reports. Verrier Elwin made them well known in the name, in the princely state records(1950), as 'Bonda Paraja' or Ryots. Later some Bonda families made settlements at the foot hills and were mentioned as lower Bonda. These section mixed with outsiders, but the upper group shied away......... more
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