Among the tribes of Central Himalayan Region, The Jaunasari and The Bhotia are two major tribal groups. The Juansari is the largest community concentrated in the area of Jaunsar-Bawar region of Derhadun District. The Bhotia stand second in size inhabiting in eight major river valley of the northern part of the bordering Tibet.
The Jaunasaris trace their ancestor from the " Pandavas" and Kauravas" of the great epic "Mahabharata". They are highly superstitious in nature and practice polyandrous social system. The hierarchical stratification of the Jaunsari society is similar to and based on the caste principle of Hindu social system(Topal et.al 1998). Like most of the tribal societies, each Juansaries village has a traditional village panchayat locally called as "Sayanachari" and the Head man of this traditional Institution is know as "sayana" who is responsible for maintaining law and order within the village. This is a three tier Institution at three territorial level i.e. village, "Khat" (a group of village) and "Sadar" (regional level).
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