India’s population has a diverse religion, culture, and creed. Among them, the tribal people have a separate place of identity that is recognized due to their unique culture. As per Census, 2001, around 8 crore 43 lakh tribals live in India, which is 8.2 per cent of India’s total population. Among them, most of the tribals are living in remote rural areas ( hills / forests ) 91.7 per cent and remaining 8.3 per cent lives in urban areas. Out of the total tribal population of India, around 68 per cent live mainly in the seven states, viz.; 14.5 per cent in Madhya Pradesh, 10.2 per cent in Maharashtra, 9.7 per cent in Orissa, 8.9 per cent in Gujarat, 8.4 per cent in Rajasthan and Jharkhand, and 7.8 per cent in Chhattisgarh. The social and economic conditions of the tribals have always been pathetic due to their living mainly in remote rural areas and even after 63 years of India’s independence, the Indian tribal people are still deprived of the basic necessities such as food, clothing, healthcare, irrigation, education, employment etc.
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