The Bonda highlanders who are only 5565 in number (census 2001) are the most primitive tribal community of the state of Orissa. They are found on the mountain ranges of the Eastern Ghats limited to only 32 villages under Khairput block of Malkangiri district of the state of Orissa . They are highly dependent on the local forest resources for various purposes. These people are very much addicted to intoxicating drinks. They extract various intoxicants from plant juices and prepare various types of liquors for own consumption. Their liquor addiction has made them infamous for frayed tempers and murderous attitude displayed on flimsy ground. Like many other tribe of the area, intoxicating liquors occupy an important place in the life cycle rituals and festive occasion of the Bonda. Even some intoxicants are considered as milk to feed the infants and thus among the Bonda Highlanders., life without intoxicants is unthinkable......... more
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