Culture is not a bounded entity - not even in prehistoric times. Perhaps, ever since the primeval millennia, when culture - that is, the man-made part of the environment, emerged and defined man as a special animal. As you know, presumably traded marine objects were discovered in the Swiss lake dwelling remains high up in the Alps in Neolithic times. Orissa, lying as it is in the eastern seaboard of India, has received cultural influx, obviously along with human influx, both from North India and South India, when their respective typical lithic tools: pebble – chopper complex and Madras biface complex, mingled and coexisted here right in early palaeolithic times. When populations and cultures coexist and mingle, there is invariably a ferment, some mutual adaptation, and even innovation and carrying forward by hybrid vigour and adaptive success. Of course, we do not have solid evidence of these primeval processes, But the cultural and social adaptations of populations in historic times might be pointers to that. For example, marriage of cross -cousins among the Gond and other tribal and non-tribal peoples of western Orissa, or for that matter, the marriage of cross-cousins and of the elder sister’s daughter in the border-region of South Orissa - Andhra Pradesh among castes, even among the Utkal Brahman caste in line with the Telegu castes including the Brahman, go back to such deep-lying cultural forces.
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