Meghalaya is a small state in North-East India. It is predominantly a tribal state inhabited mainly by the Khasi, Garo and Jaintia tribes. At the time of Independence of the Country in 1947, the present day Meghalaya constituted two districts of Assam and enjoyed limited autonomy within the State of Assam.The Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 accorded an autonomous status to the State of Meghalaya. The Act came into effect on April 2, 1970 and an Autonomous State of Meghalaya was created within the State of Assam. In 1971, the parliament passed the North Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971, which conferred full statehood on the Autonomous State of Meghalaya. Meghalaya attained statehood on 21st January 1972 with a Legislative Assembly of its own. It became the twenty-first state of the Indian Union. Ever since the inauguration of the constitution of free India on 26th January 1950, as many as fifteen general elections have been successfully conducted in this largest democracy of the world. For the first time, in 1952, one parliamentary seat was allotted to Autonomus Hill Districts, which comprised Khasi-Jaintia Hills, Mikir Hills, North Cachar Hills and Naga Hills and two seats to Goalpara Garo Hills District. Thereafter, elections to these Lok Sabha seats of Autonomous Hill Districts and Goalpara Garo Hills District were continued to be held in 1957, 1962, 1967 and 1971. In Meghalaya, Elections to Lok Sabha for the first time was conducted in 1977. From 1977 there have been two Lok Sabha seats in Meghalaya, namely Shillong and Tura. Since 1977 till 2009, there have been altogether 10 Lok Sabha elections in Meghalaya. This paper, however, briefly focuses on the Lok Sabha elections in 2004 and 2009 in the state of Meghalaya.
Sign In to view the complete article.
Visiting for the first time, click Register.
Why should you register?1. You get notified when a new article or a new issue is available.
2. You can read complete articles.
3. You can write reviews and comments on each article.
4. It helps us to improve and provide you with the latest information.