The Lushai Hills was annexed in 1890. After the annexation, the British introduced its administration through the existing chiefs. It initiated several administrative reforms like abolition of head hunting, introduction of forced labour, revenue payment and curtailment of the chief’s judicial rights, apart from others. The whole District was divided into circles under the control of the Superintendent and Circle interpreter was appointed in each circle. The Lushai Hills was classified as a “Backward Tracts” by the Government of India Act, 1919 Section 52 (A) and ultimately included within the ‘Excluded Area’ in Part 1 of the Government of India Act, 1935. By 1947, the Lushais were partially aroused from their political slumber and they began to have national consciousness as a result of petty administrative reforms and modern Colonial system of Government. When the British left the Country, they were thus motivated to assert their political rights through the formation of various political and social organisations. This article is an attempt to highlight the various administrative and political changes in the present Mizoram during the Colonial period.
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