After India’s independence, political demands like tribe recognition, Union Territory, Sixth Schedule status, Autonomous Hill State and sovereignty came up in North East India among the Hill tribes of the Kuki, Mizo and Zomi/Chin who are collectively known as Zo. Various political bodies like Hill Peoples Conference, Zomi National Council (ZNC), Sixth Scheduled Demand Committee, Manipur (SDCM), Zo Re-Unification Organisation (ZORO), Chin Liberation Army (CLA) and Mizo National Front (MNF) were formed to pursue these demands as well as to re-unify the Zo tribes of India, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Students’ bodies like the All Tribals Students’ Union, Manipur (ATSUM) and Churachandpur District Students’ Union (CDSU) also clamoured for Hill autonomy under the leadership of E Vungkholian in Manipur. CLA under Tunkhopum Baite and MNF under Laldenga had failed in the attempt for a sovereign tribal state. Lost tribe (Israel) identity has been asserted by a section like the Chhinlung Israel People’s Convention (CIPC) and converted Jews.
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