The Koraput district of Odisha extending over the Eastern Ghat is bestowed with thriving forest biodiversity and crop genetic resources; people residing in the vicinity largely depend on the forest products for food, fodder, fiber, medicines (herbs & plants) and construction material for house and agricultural tools (Mishra and Chaudhury, 2012). Primitive tribal groups e.g., Bhumia, Gadaba and Paroja, landless natives and farmers with small and marginal land holdings depend mostly on the forest collections for their sustenance. Despite the abundance of plant genetic resources in the region, poverty is ubiquitous, and food crops harvested annually in the region do not suffice for the food requirement of the families. Incidentally food scarcity period prevails during rainy season extending over June to October, which is the peak agricultural season. During these months, farmers work hard in their agricultural fields and landless families work as agricultural labourers and are obligated to explore the forest for wild foods to supplement their food basket and nutrition. Coincidentally, during these months, wild foods such as tubers, mushrooms, berries, fruits, bamboo shoots, seasonal greens are amply available of which edible tubers occupy a prime position for their size, quantity, taste, availability and nutritional value (Mishra et al., 2008). This paper documents the importance of the available wild edible tubers in the food habit of the tribal people of Koraput district of Odisha.
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