The present paper is a preliminary report based on the excavation at Banga (85043’0” E. Long. and 20008’45” N. Lat.), Harirajpur District Puri conducted by the Centre of Heritage Studies, Bhubaneswar, Department of Anthropology, Utkal University and Deccan College, Pune. In order to appreciate its importance one has to take note of the excavations of the early historic site of Sisupalgarh and the Neolithic-chalcollithic site of Golabai (Near Tangi). The excavation of the early historic urban centre at Sisupalgrah poses an important problem. Whether there is any evidence of protohistoric cultures of early farming communities around Sisupalgarh preceding urbanization there. The site of Banga, Harirajpur answers that question well. An intensive exploration carried out around Harirajpur area of Puri district in Odisha has resulted in the discovery of a habitation mound at Banga, Harirajpur. The surface exploration has yielded ground and polished lithic implements, various ceramic remains and highly corroded animal remains. Hence it was decided to undertake vertical excavations of five trenches (each trench measuring 1.5m x 2.0 m each) in a stepped manner. This revealed continuous occupation from Neolithic to the Chalcolithic periods.
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