Marginalization describes the tendencies of human societies whereby those perceived as not adhering to the dominant structures of the society are excluded, from the prevalent systems of protection and integration, and thereby limiting their opportunities and means for survival. This is a very complex phenomenon, which occurs at various levels of societal dimensions. The tribes in this country are pushed to the margins of the society due to various historical and developmental factors. The majority of literature available on the concept of tribes gives us a biased understanding whereby they are labelled as ‘others’ and their ways of life are characterised as ‘inferior’ at various levels. Furthermore these academic positions have been translated into policies for tribal population, which have created unequal social spaces leading to tribal alienation from various socio-economic dimensions. This paper intends to look into the historical trajectory of this marginalization process of the tribal population in Odisha.
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