The Santals are one of the well- studied tribes of India. In Racial Element, Guha (1944) has grouped them as a race belonging to Proto-australoid community. Grierson (1906) on the basis of their spoken language has placed them to the Austro-Asiatic sub family of the Munda group of language. As a pre-literate tribe, the Santals have no written history of their own but there is no dearth of anthropological records, monographs and paper on them. Since E.G Man (1865) published his Sonthalia and the Sonthals, there has been continuous edition to literature to the Santal, which would amount to over five-hundred titles, as up to 1975 the number of 487 titles have been recorded by Troisi (1976). The interest in the Santal anthropology has least been abated and still persists on but most studies on them are concerned with their general ethnographic description of livelihood activities, social relations and cultural traditions (Chakrabarty 1989: 264) or to a lesser extent on aspects of Santal religion (Troisi 1978).
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