In the line of research in prehistoric archaeology, the author under the auspices of the Prehistoric Archaeology Branch, Department of Anthropology, Utkal University has recently carried out an intensive exploration in and around Ghantikhal area of Cuttack district in the lower Mahanadi valley, Odisha. The survey in the area has resulted in the discovery of total 11 sites with notable evidences of Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods. However, this paper highlights only on the Palaeolithic recoveries of the area in and around Ghantikhal. Altogether, twenty-three Palaeoliths of Acheulian period including different typologies of shaped tools and simple artefacts are collected from the surface survey in the area. From entire collection, a few specimens of Palaeolithic artefacts have also been collected as in situ as embedded with the detritus laterite of the sites. The artefacts collected have been mainly made on medium to coarse grained quartzite of different shades and ferruginous sandstone rocks. Although the quantity of Palaeolithic artefacts in the collection is less, the occurrence of its various typologies indicate that in the dim remote past during the Pleistocene the Lower Palaeolithic population occupied the area.
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