The present study was conducted in the Balidiha Grama Panchayat of Samakhunta Block of Mayurbhanj district. It involves 119 individuals, 147 individuals and 91 individuals of Bhumij, Bathudi and Savar communities respectively, aged above 20 years. The main objective was to study and compare the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate amongst three tribes (i.e., Bhumij, Bathudi and Savar) living in the same ecological habitat of Mayurbhanj district, to study the variation in the hypertension among the three tribes, to study the association of the blood pressure with the socio-economic and demographic factors. A study instrument, which included schedule and questionnaire for nutritional status and physical measurements of blood pressure, heart rate and pulse rate, height and weight, was used to collect data. Mean standard deviation, ANNOVA and correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data. It was observed that age as well as the salt intake has a significant effect on blood pressure. The overall prevalence of hypertension was found to be 21.01%, 12.59% and 9.26% among Bhumij, Bathudi and Savar respectively. It is higher among the females (10.92% in Bhumij and 8.15% in Bathudi) than males (10.08% in Bhumij and 4.44% in Bathudi). But in case of Savar the more percentage of males (6.10%) are affected with high blood pressure than the females (3.66%). The prevalence of high blood pressure is seen to be quite high and is associated with socio-economic and demographic factors.
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