Till the middle of the 19th century, the outside world knew very little about the Mizoram. Mizoram was annexed to British Colony in March 1890. Before the British advent into Mizoram, it was an independent tribal land divided into small numerous villages ruled by Lals or Chiefs in consultation with the Council of elders or Upas guided by Lushai Custom. But after their arrival, the Britishers followed the policy of non-interference in the internal village administration and made the Chiefs their representatives. Between1890-1946, practically, there was no political activity in Mizoram. In those days, the British Superintendent ruled in accordance with the British administrative policy. Neither the Mizo Chiefs nor the Britishers made any attempt towards the upliftment of the Mizos. But the, Christian Missionaries helped in the emergence of a new educated class which articulated the resentment of the people against the activities of the Chiefs, perceived as against the British authority. This resentment against the Chiefs continued even after the Britisher left India. After Indian independence, they (an emerging new educated Mizo class) were thinking of separation from India because of a sense of uncertainty and apprehension about their political future. The 1959 Mautam Famine which ultimately resulted in armed revolt by a section of disgruntled Mizos against the Government of India finally brought secessionist movement to an end on 30th June 1986 through historic memorandum of settlement between Government of India and Laldenga , President Mizo National Front.
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