Poverty, a social problem in India, is intrinsically embedded in the social exclusion, which has its root in the historical segmentation of caste, tribe and gender. Child labour has the structural problem, which is mainly caused by poverty besides lack of gainful employment opportunity, state negligence and illiteracy. The poverty rate among the socially excluded groups namely schedule caste and schedule tribe is much higher than their proportion in the total population and most of the child labour come from this group. The socio economic and political structure of the country has compelled them to come out from the vicious cycle of poverty. Owing to economic vulnerability, they have to put their children in wage employment activities to add to the income for their family besides non-wage activities, even if they want to send their children to school. About 1.4 million children are out-of-school in India although this figure is decreasing after the implementation of Right to Education Act 2009. The other perspective reflects that laws and government bans against child labour have limited impact and in some cases they aggravate the situation, causing poor families to end up poorer. This paper examines the relation between the poverty and child labour. It also reflects views of the state and as well as the poor people on the elimination of child labour and examines the existing programmes and acts related to child labour.
Sign In to view the complete article.
Visiting for the first time, click Register.
Why should you register?1. You get notified when a new article or a new issue is available.
2. You can read complete articles.
3. You can write reviews and comments on each article.
4. It helps us to improve and provide you with the latest information.