The present paper is based on authorís recurrent archaeological explorations to locate prehistoric sites in the lower Mahanadi valley of Cuttack district in Odisha. Located in the eastern part of Odisha; the district Cuttack covers a major portion of the Mahanadi delta. The surface survey in the area has discovered numerous prehistoric sites significantly associated with various lithic artefacts belonging to the lower Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods from different localities around the delta head of the Mahanadi which comes under Athagarh, Banki and Cuttack Sadar subdivisions of Cuttack district. In addition to this, the survey has also documented, in total, five rock shelter sites from five distinct places mostly located on the forest clad sandstone hills of the Athgarh Gondwana Basin around the delta head in the study area. Irrespective of the presence or absence of rock art, the rock shelters sites recorded from the study area may be categorized into two types as (i) rock shelters without rock art and (ii) rock shelters with rock art evidences. Out of the five rock shelters there are only two rock shelters, which reveal the evidence of rock art in the form of typical petroglyphs. The discovered rock art sites are located at two different places: one at the foothills of the Siddheswar Mundia nearby the village Naraj on the south of the Mahanadi, and another at a natural cave on the waist of the Haripuli hills in the Subasi Reserve Forest area on the north of the Mahanadi. Both the rock art sites have faced same fate due to anthropogenic impacts on the ravages of time. Thus in this paper, author describes geoarchaeolgy of the rock art sites, interprets the rock art, and discusses the threats to them, and their salvage......... more
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