Orissa, which is recently re-christened, as Odisha is a coastal province situated in the eastern part of India. It has been in official accounts, be it in the British India or independent India, held as one of the poorest amongst Indian provinces. Even seventy years after independence this province appears in the category of ‘least developed states’ a euphemism for the poorest. But that in such poorest state there were individuals who were remarkable social activists, and original thinkers had hardly been known to the outside world. It could be that in many similarly situated regions in the world such individuals must have had their salutary role in serving the people of the region, yet have remained unknown outside. The identities of such personalities should cross the borders of their respective regions and be put in the public domain for the benefit of scholars. Gopabandhu Chowdhuri was one such individual in Odisha about whom almost nothing is known to the outside world. Google search hardly yields any result. This article, which is reproduced, after minor editing, from another publication, was written almost two decades ago. ‘Chaudhury’ in original article is replaced by ‘Chowdhuri’ as this form was used by Gopabandhu himself. This is evident from the cover page of the notebook (photo- copy provided here) he was using as a political prisoner in Hazaribagh Jail. -Editor
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