The Saptapuri ritual, commonly known as satpuri ameisa in Orissa comes off on the new moon day of Bhadrab. Pandita Sarbasva, a smriti work quotes that Amavasya ca pitrena Nakshatrena ca sanyuta Sapta Prakarah pitaro jatah Kamala Sambhavat1, i.e. if the new moon day coincides with pitri nakshatra (Magha) seven pitris or manes are born of Bramha. In order to pay homage to these pitris, a ritual is being celebrated by the "Hindu" community of Orissa. It is further mentioned that Brihaspati, the teacher of the Gods, has prescribed this ritual, viz. Amavasya tritiya ca ta uposyah paranviteeti Brihaspati Vacanat. The commentator here suggests that upavasa savdotra Vrataparah, i.e. upabasa here means not only fasting but a religious vow. The question naturally arises: who are these sapta pitris or manes, to whom the people of Orissa pay their homage on this day of the year?
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