In common parlance, tribals are viewed as illiterate, ignorant,
superstitious people, living a primitive way of life. They live in
hilly forest, away from bustling urban life and are very poor.
Indeed, they are poor in terms of fiscal economy. Those who have
spent a long time with primitive tribes in their own habitat might
agree that they do not know begging money. These people are
self-sufficient in their self-domain. Currency had little value,
as they curved out their own niche in the immediate eco-system.
From house holding to food finding to medical treatment, the
tribal villagers depended on their own mechanism of survival
admits natural environment. Each tribal community follows their
own traditional methods in maintaining social, religious and other
cultural practices. These practices keep these group identities,
which they do not want to sacrifice.
developing country like India, special program of development are
formulated and implemented. Efficacy of these programmes is
debated by scholars in academic seminars, where the tribal
villagers are not included. Many persons from tribal families have
received higher education and are in various government positions.
Some of such persons are political leaders or in policy framing
and implementing bodies or in teaching, research and
administrative activities. In spite of participation of tribal
people, desirable achievements are far from reality.
people live in remote villages are now dependent on fiscal economy
as they are deprived of their natural resources. Their
self-sufficiency is lost. Many tribal and semi-tribal (these are
artificial categorization) people, set out for cash earning
activities in the tea gardens, mines or city construction areas.
There these people become marginal citizen of the poorest rank and
imbibe all vices of so called civilized people. The political
religious social activities thrive on these people. The
anthropologists build their academic careers and the economist go
on prescribing ‘development pills’. In turn these people
living in Shanties and Colonies are also replacing their
traditional rituals, festivals, songs and dances with ‘modern’
of modernization is sweeping over the entire country through the
electronic media. The dazzle of glamour is blinding the eyes from
classical education. Instead of emboldening their own culture, our
tribal people are diluting their tradition. Here they invite
poverty into their own social and economic life. The future is to