Shashank Grahacharjya


S/o Er. Narayan Prasad Nayak, Netajee Nagar, Madhupatna

City – zip:

Cuttack, Odisha - 753010




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Has more than two decades of professional experience at managerial positions in development and humanitarian sectors in India and abroad. Shashank holds Masters Degrees in Business Administration and Rural Development. Shashank has led execution of various relief and recovery operations, and rehabilitation projects. He has expertise in the areas of livelihood, food and nutrition, and maternal and child health. He has contributed to the policy analysis of various food-aid flagship programmes in India. He has been associated with the facilitation of the institutional capacity building and streamlining of Disaster Risk Reduction in development plans. He has conducted several evaluation studies and series of training programmes. Currently, Shashank is working as the Head of Sub Office for UN World Food Programme (in the Horn of Africa region) in Ethiopia.




ISSN: 2249 3433


The word tribe is variously used in literature to denote a community on the basis of homogeneity. Originally many autochthonous communities who were identified by similar culture, social organisation and governance, living away from the main stream life of a country, were mentioned as tribe by their colonial rulers and Western scholars. Many such communities have moved towards the mainstream lifestyle so that they may no longer be identified as secluded, underdeveloped people with queer customs. This has happened to all areas of the world where tribal communities live. Still, many tribal communities lead their lives in very primitive ways devoid of the techno-economic glamour of contemporary civilization. These communities are labeled as "Primitive Tribal Groups". Indian Government has identified such tribal groups to give special attention to their development, whereas in the Indian Constitution all the tribal groups are recognized as "scheduled tribes".


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